Heart disease is the leading cause of death for men and women in the U.S. today. People are generally aware of the physical risk factors that include inactivity, obesity, tobacco and excessive alcohol use, high blood pressure and cholesterol, and poor diet.
Mental health factors that have been linked to heart disease are overt levels of stress and/or hostility/anger. Studies show that stress hormones like adrenaline increase the risk of heart attack by raising blood pressure, clotting blood more rapidly, and speeding the growth of plaques within the coronary arteries - interfering with blood flow to the heart. Hostile reactions can trigger higher-than-normal adrenaline surges, further exacerbating the situation. Stress and anger have also been linked to increased risk of arrhythmias, or malfunctions in electrical impulses that set the heart's rhythmic beat.
Given that stress, frustration and anger are normal feelings and experiences, the problem then becomes HOW the individual is processing these emotions. This is where counseling comes in. Catherine works with individuals on learning new ways to deal with anger-provoking situations and stress. Catherine works together with the client to create positive coping skills, and explore any unresolved issues that may be blocking the client's full engagement in life today.
The Integrative Counseling Office of
Catherine Daniels-Landeros, MS, LMFT